José María Chacón

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Don José María Chacón (1 January 1749 – 1 January 1833) was the last Spanish Governor of Trinidad, serving from 1783 to 1797. He was responsible for signing the Cedula of Population in 1783, leading to extensive French immigration to Trinidad. Chacón founded the city of San Fernando in 1784.

In 1797 Chacón surrendered Trinidad to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby. The King of Spain set up a "Council of War" to look into the surrender. By royal decree, Chacón and Rear Admiral Sebastián Ruiz de Apodaca (who had scuttled his small fleet) were banished for life from the "Royal Domain." Apodaca's case was reconsidered and he was reinstated in 1809, but Chacón died in exile.[1]

Trinidad and Tobago's national flower, the chaconia, is named after Chacón.[2]


  1. ^ Gertrude Carmichael, The History of the West Indian Islands of Trinidad and Tobago, 1498-1900, Alvin Redman, London, 1961, pp. 40-42.
  2. ^ "The National Flower". Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 11 February 2022.

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Governor of Trinidad
1783 - 1797
Succeeded by